Interesting things you can do with a Butterfly

Butterflies are not just for looking at 🙂

This is a post for the friends that I have made in the last few months, friends who have never seen this blog in the summertime.

Winter is so difficult for nature bloggers, it’s a wonder that we post anything. There is a different world coming and it is beautiful.

Butterflies have been big in my world this weekend. On Saturday I discovered a beautiful Small Tortoiseshell overwintering in my flat.

Small Tortoiseshell

Sunday was a beautiful sunny day here and while I was out a Comma flew in front of me.

This isn’t the one that I saw yesterday, that was over a hedge and lost in a field almost as soon as I saw it. This is just a picture of another Comma.
CommaIt is still much too early for Butterflies, there are no nectar plants about yet but it is okay they will just go back to sleep for a bit.

The Butterflies will be here in four weeks. It isn’t very long to wait.

It is not very unusual to see Butterflies here in the winter. Whilst many species overwinter as Caterpillars or as a Chrysalis we have five local species that overwinter as adult butterflies and they can wake up and have a little fly around on any warm winters day.

The other three are: The Red Admiral.

Red Admiral

The Brimstone.BrimstoneThe Peacock.

Peacock Butterfly

So what can you do with Butterflies besides look at them?

You can abduct them and raise them as your own 🙂

The Small Tortoiseshell is probably the first one that you will find.

Small Tortoiseshell LarvaThese are little yellow caterpillars that live in colonies on Stinging Nettles. If you want to try raising Butterflies in a different part of the world, pick a species that has an easy to obtain food plant, they eat a lot.

I made some mistakes when raising these and so I shall share the wisdom gained.

I chose large caterpillars, thinking that they would be quicker to raise than little ones. Most of my Caterpillars died and it wasn’t that much fun.

They died because they had already been attacked before I found them. In the wild there are a lot of insects that lay their eggs in Caterpillars and the larva grow inside and eat the Caterpillar.

This is a Tachinid fly injecting it’s eggs into a Small Tortoiseshell Caterpillar.

Tachinid

Pelatachina tibialis, Nasty little beast.
Pelatachina tibialisSo I did successfully raise Small Tortoiseshells but it wasn’t as much fun as I had hoped. Lesson Learnt, I went out to collect some Peacock Larvae.

Take the smallest ones that you can find, the less time they have been in the wild the less chance that they will have been got at.

Peacocks are the little black ones that also live on Stinging Nettles.

Peacock LarvaI only took a few, I thought, it turned out that I had about forty in my little jar and from those I released thirty three Butterflies, many more than would have made it if I had left them in the wild.

Peacock LarvaNow you can buy Butterfly raising kits. I don’t really like these. The most common species is the Painted Lady and this is because the Painted Lady can eat artificial food. So you generally get five little Caterpillars in  a jar and the bottom of the jar is smeared with artificial food, there is a piece of paper under the lid for them to attach themselves to and the jar is otherwise empty.

This is a horrible way to raise Caterpillars, in an empty jar. It deprives them of their youth. I am going to show you that Caterpillars are lively, intelligent animals. They have a social structure and they get great joy from swinging about in the jungle that is their home.

This is how I am going to do it.

Make them a home.

Caterpillar HouseThe tray of mud is because the nettles will need water but I can’t put them in water or the Caterpillars will drown themselves.

Caterpillar House

Caterpillar HouseThat is it. You don’t really have to worry about the Caterpillars escaping, they will stay on the food plant so long as you keep them provided with fresh greens.

I admit, I came down one morning and found this.

Peacock LarvaWhat on earth is going on here?

We are going to join the circus.

You bloomin’ well are not!

They had plenty of leaves they just weren’t fresh enough for them. You do have to keep on top of them.

Most of the time they like to hang together.

Peacock LarvaAlthough you do get the odd little one that has a mind of it’s own.

Peacock LarvaThey grow very quickly and they moult their skin four times. Each time that they moult there is a bigger and more beautiful Caterpillar inside.

Peacock LarvaThose are not dead baby Caterpillars in the next picture, they are just the discarded skins. The little black spots are called frasse and they are Caterpillar poo. They eat a lot, so guess what else they do a lot 🙂

Peacock LarvaYou need to clean them out regularly as well as change their leaves.

Peacock Larva

Peacock LarvaIt won’t be long before you want to take these beautiful animals out for a photo shoot.

Peacock Larva

Peacock Larva

Peacock LarvaNow things are about to get interesting and we have a problem.

When they are in their final moult they will decide to leave the food plant. They are going to shed their skin one more time but this time there will be a chrysalis inside and so now they have done eating and they need to spread out.

My solution was to put them in my kitchen cupboard. (This might be a problem if you live with a partner)

Peacock Larva nest

Peacock LarvaMy clever little animals knew what was expected of them and they hung themselves all around their new home.

Peacock Larva

Peacock Larva

Watch the Caterpillar shed it’s skin one last time. I have speeded this up X4 because the whole process took six minutes.

The Caterpillars now make themselves a little sticky pad of silk to hang from and the most critical moment of this final moult is the very last bit when the chrysalis must abandon it’s old skin and attach itself to the silk pad. That is what all the twisting at the end of this video is about.


What happens now is a miracle. The Caterpillar will completely dissolve inside it’s chrysalis, only a few cells remain and from these cells a Butterfly grows. Something really wonderful.

Peacock Chrysalis

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock ButterflyThis next video is speeded up x2.


Now I just have to show you how to pick up a Butterfly and then we can let them go.

Never touch it’s wings. They are covered with very fine scales that will be displaced if you try to pick it up that way, the Butterfly needs these scales, they are not just for shimmering colour.

Put your hand in front of the Butterfly and invite it to step on.

Orange TipSo long as you are known to the Butterflies this works every time.

If the Butterflies don’t know who you are then try rescuing a Butterfly Princess from the long grass, this will earn you a reputation  as a friend of the Butterflies and then it will be easy.

Green-veined White

Green-veined WhiteNow it is time to say goodbye.

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock Butterfly

Peacock ButterflyToday the sun is shining and it feels like April. Fizz and I are going to look for Butterflies.

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98 thoughts on “Interesting things you can do with a Butterfly”

  1. What a great shot of that Tachinid fly injecting eggs. You’re a damn good nature photographer, there’s no doubt about that.
    The Brimstone’s an interesting colour – I bet you have to look closely to spot that one amongst the foliage.

    But that Peacock is still my favourite.

    Which reminds me, I must check out the new wildlife at Melbourne’s main zoo (now that the summer school holidays are over and the crowds are reduced).

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you Vicki 🙂 A trip to the zoo would be most interesting. It is a long time since I have visited a zoo (about five years ago in Barcelona). It used to be one of my favourite things when I was a child.

      Liked by 2 people

      1. I think I counted 100 visits to Melbourne Zoo in the first 2 years of membership. It’s the Aviary that draws me every time (oh, and the primates. At one stage I think the Spider monkeys came to the viewing window to ‘touch’ hands through the glass with me. I actually thought they were starting to recognise me).

        Liked by 1 person

  2. What a beautiful collection of butterfly photos and also fascinating information on how you rear them. I really enjoyed this post. I actually don’t see a wide variety of butterflies in my neighbourhood unfortunately. I spent some of my life helping an entomologist rear Monarch butterflies and collect field data on their eating and egg laying behaviour. That was quite fun.Despite it being winter I thought your posts have been full of interesting nature information and pictures. I guess Spring posts will be bursting with goodies then.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Jane 🙂 There will be lots of goodies in the Spring. Fizz and I have just returned from a three hour walk in beautiful sunshine and there was just nothing to photograph except for blue skies and a tired little dog. That is all going to change 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

    1. Can I be nosey and ask where you live? I’m in South Carolina and we have all kinds of colorful insect life. Lots of great butterflies but I’m partial to beetles. They’re not quite as flashy but the diversity is fascinating. And there always birds. I could watch cardinals and jays all day.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. South central PA, where only a couple of our butterflies come close to the color of the ones Colin shows us. I’ve been to SC and saw many different things we don’t have here, yes. I guess I should have said northern east coast. We have cardinals and jays as well, and they are some of our most colorful birds.

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      2. I know your pain. I’m from Seattle where most animals are as grey as the skies. I mentioned something along these lines to Colin once who said that he has discovered that the world viewed through his camera lens is always filled with surprising color. As this blog testifies to.

        Liked by 1 person

    2. Thank you Sarasin 🙂 There are some people who describe the Peacock as “The most beautiful Butterfly in the World.” It is certainly eye catching. Thank you for taking the trouble to comment one handed 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Very nice Colin. I have some photos of butterflies that have just eclosed. And I like to record the different instars. As kids we enjoyed the butterflies on the Buddleia and the Sedum spectabile that dad planted. But now I am more interested in moths. The first one I found was an Elephant Hawkmoth larva. Then an Angleshades. It just snowballed. Go on, show us a moth or two.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Andrew 🙂 I really hope that you have been getting some of this weather that Fizz and I have been enjoying. I have never tried raising Moths but I do fancy having a go this summer. Drinker larva are quite easy to find and I know that they eat Cock’sfoot and I would definitely like to try the Six Spot Burnet (Bird’s-foot trefoil). Now I tried to get that one eclosed. I would find them half out of their cocoon and sit and watch them for ages, they just didn’t seem to move. It is something that I need to study at home.

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  4. Several years ago I spent an afternoon collecting Luna moth eggs thinking it would be fun to rear some. Brought them home and put them in a large brown paper bag in my office until I figured out what to do with them. Opened the door the next morning and it was like a miniature horror movie. Every surface had tiny caterpillars crawling and inching looking for food. I tried to gather what I could but found thos buggers for months.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. There is much to learn from this Blog…..it is so interesting and I will visit it again and again. The butterflies are lovely and fragile.
    We do encounter Nature in ways unknown but for your informative posts.
    Once more, I thank you for sharing in a way that keeps one glued to the end.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Ettel 🙂 They are so fragile. It amazes me that these Butterflies can overwinter outside. I would expect one hard frost to freeze their delicate little bodies solid and shatter their wings. They must have anti-freeze in them 🙂

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  6. Marvelous! I never knew there was so much to know about butterflies, and thank you for arranging it in this very fun, entertaining manner. You have a real gift for sharing in this way…it’s lovely. I thought about having my two girls watch this, but it may ‘oog them out’ so to speak. Enjoy your fine weather, and countdown to butterflies.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Bill 🙂 I am glad that you enjoyed it. I am just filling time until the Butterflies and Flowers are really back. The weather was lovely today but it was still just a lovely winter’s day, not much life about yet.

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  7. So you really wrote it! 🙂 I spent this day in bed screaming and sighing out of pain, I would have cried if the stupid medication wouldn’t have given me a serious inflammation of the eye as well. And then I see the butterflies and I’m like “let’s do this on the terrace this spring” – full of energy although I can’t move five steps alone hahaha I only imagine butterflies coming out of the kitchen 🙂 this is the most beautiful post I have ever read on wordpress, thank you so much!!!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Becky 🙂 I am glad the Butterflies helped a little bit. One thing though, I kept my caterpillars indoors and only brought them outside to photograph them. My Robin would have finished them off in an hour if I had left them outside and he would have thought that I got them just for him 🙂 The day the Butterflies emerged I had about thirty of them in my kitchen, I was pushing them out of the door as quickly as I could. My lease says, “No pets!” Get better soon.

      Liked by 1 person

  8. Very nice; thank you.

    . . . I’ve only seen caterpillars one year on my flowers, and it’s not like I’m not out there. I do go on bug safaris in my yard, but we don’t get a lot of butterflies on my flowers. When I do, it’s a treat.

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    1. Thank you Emilio 🙂 I find my caterpillars in the hedgerow. We don’t often get them in the garden but when we do they can be devastating. Generally though caterpillars are pretty fussy about food plants and go native. Butterflies are always welcome in the garden.

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  9. Wow! Wonderful photos and videos.
    I’ve just been trying to persuade the other half that we need to collect caterpillars and raise them but he’s a bit reluctant so far. 🙂 I’ll work on it.

    Liked by 1 person

      1. I will. Have you ever raised moths? We’ve had impressive numbers of moth caterpillars on our beech hedge the last few years. When they’ve finished chomping a hole in our hedge they fall onto the ground and burrow into a hole to pupate in (or so we believe after brief research on the Internet). I find the life cycle of this kind of creature fascinating.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. The Butterflies that I chose last year are very easy species to work with. I would like to have a go with Moths this summer. The problem is identifying them, knowing what they eat and the life cycle.

        I was very tempted by the big, bright Mullein Moth larvae that were devastating our Great Mullein last summer.

        Mullein Moth

        They pupate underground and that stage can last up to five years. It’s a good job I found that out before I started watching them 🙂

        I have a couple of Moths in mind that I would like to try this year.

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    1. Thank you Clare 🙂 Maybe you have no Butterflies but you have flowers that still seem a way off here. Anyway the Butterflies have gone back to sleep, it is cold again now. For a little while I worried that if we had prolonged good weather they might not sleep and they would starve but fortunately it is still February.

      Liked by 1 person

  10. Excellent post. I really enjoyed it. The videos are great and the photos are beautiful. Great job raising butterflies, Frizz. I never thought there would be artifitial food for some butterflies, that’s strange. What kind of food is that?
    Kind greetings,
    Marianne

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Marianne 🙂 Blimey! You lot ask some questions. It is a formula based on dried and ground leaves. Okay here is a recipe…

      Cellulose (alphacel)-1.7g
      Sucrose-6.3 g
      Wesson salts-2.5 g
      Wheat germ-16.3 g
      Cholesterol-0.3 g
      Vitamin and inhibitor mix-3.6 g
      Linseed oil-1.0 ml
      Formalin (10%)-0.5ml
      Agar-4.1 g
      Water-227.0 ml
      Dried, ground Plantago

      P. ianceolata-5.1 g

      But please don’t ask me what all these things are or where you can get them. I pinched this recipe from a University of Yale paper.

      Easier still you can buy a prepared formula from all sorts of outlets.

      Stonefly Heliothis Diet

      They still prefer to eat leaves. Thank you for the lovely comment 🙂

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  11. I love butterflies, and would never harm a caterpillar, but let me tell you, MOULTING IS REVOLTING.

    I enjoyed this post very much otherwise, and have posted the link to my FB page. I shall return!

    –Bratfink

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Ruth 🙂 I am actually looking forward to moulting. I have been in this skin for a long time and it is only really the thought that there is a bigger, more beautiful me inside that keeps me going. I would like to moult four times before I get my wings 🙂

      Liked by 2 people

  12. OK, I’m sold. Where do I sign up?
    We get plenty of Peacocks in our garden, and nettles are plentiful hereabouts. So, what time of year do I need to be on the lookout for small caterpillars? I think our kids would love this!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you 🙂 I collected my first Small Tortoiseshells around the middle of May and they can still be found mid August. The Peacocks seemed a little bit later to me and the ones featured above were collected in the first week of August. I have just checked a couple of good websites and they tell me that the time for Peacock larvae is mid May until the first week in July but I definitely collected mine in August.

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  13. Wonderful post -thank you. I grow swan plants every year for the Monarchs, and the numbers are only limited by the number of plants I put in. I love watching them through their life cycle. I usually plant them outside the kitchen window so I can watch them while I’m working in there.

    Liked by 1 person

  14. Fascinating stuff, I am glad you had such a high success rate. It took me back to growing up as I used to help my mum rear silk worms. She was a teacher and they were used to demonstrate life cycles to her primary school classes. We were sent eggs in the post which we then reared once they hatched out, feeding the caterpillars on hawthorn leaves collected from the local woods. The caterpillars became huge fat green things before finally making their silken cocoons. Once they hatched out, unfortunately we couldn’t release them as they wouldn’t have survived outside. So they flew around our house, mating and laying eggs everywhere. Looking back, perhaps we should have released them! Though I’m not sure what their chances would have been.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you Emily 🙂 I am not exactly sure what your “Silk Moths” were. Domestic Silk Moths Bombyx mori have white caterpillars and the adults can’t fly at all but that is the trouble with common names, I imagine lots of species were known as silk moths back in the day. It was probably better not to have released swarms of alien moths into the countryside just in case they did survive. It is a shame that they didn’t use a native species, just think how the children would have enjoyed releasing beautiful Butterflies. Thank you for the story 🙂

      Like

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