Little Bo Peep

Little Bo Peep has lost her Sheep and doesn’t know where to find them…..

It’s a good job that I’m here then.

FizzYou search the hedges, I’ll look down the Mole hills.

FizzAny luck yet?

FizzShut up Fizz. She is not going to be down a Mole hill!

She might be.

FizzAnd so it goes on…. we lose our Sheep and then we find them. It is a good job that I have got such a clever tracking dog.

Lost SheepFor anyone who hasn’t seen her in action here is a quick video demonstration of Fizz’s awesome search and retrieve skills.

You just have to have faith, if you are lost then she will find you.

Well it rained all day today and I don’t have much to show you. This is one of my flower posts that I wrote yesterday.

Viola reichenbachiana, The Early Dog Violet

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)There are three little violet flowers called Dog Violets in the UK, they are the Early Dog Violet, The Common Dog Violet and the less common Heath Dog Violet. They can all hybridise and so telling them apart isn’t always easy but they do each have distinctive characteristics.

As it’s name suggests the Early Dog Violet flowers first, about three weeks before the common one. I took this next picture on March 16th and as you can see the flowers were already well established.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)I didn’t see a Common Dog Violet last year until March 30th, so if you see a Dog Violet early in March it is probably this one but you don’t have to guess.

The Dog Violet has a spur behind the flower and with the other two species the spur is lighter than the petals. The Spur on the Early Dog Violet is darker than the petals.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)For comparison this next picture is a Common Dog Violet with a much lighter spur and the Heath Dog Violet is also lighter and quite yellow.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)The other easy to spot difference is with the markings on the lower petal. These lines serve to direct insects to the nectar and they are much less pronounced on the Early Dog Violet.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Again for comparison this next picture is a Common Dog Violet, The Heath Dog Violet is vividly marked like this too.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Okay the difference is relative and not always easy to spot if you don’t have another flower to compare with but bright, intense markings would immediately make me look at the spur.

The Early Dog Violet,  Viola reichenbachiana.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)V. reichenbachiana is a bit of a mouthful. It is named after a German Botanist, Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach, who specialised in Orchids. He has actually got about a dozen different flowers named after him but someone must have felt that he needed a Violet.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Violets have a complicated reproductive strategy that isn’t really relevant to identifying the flower but it still makes for an interesting read. The best explanation that I have found on the web is here.

http://cronodon.com/BioTech/violaceae.html

That article goes some way to explaining why the inside of a violet looks like this.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Basically the Violet has two different types of flower. The open flowers that we are familiar with are specially designed to achieve cross pollination.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Violets are hermaphrodite and capable of self fertilisation but the open flowers are carefully designed to avoid that, however the majority of seed produced is self pollinated. To achieve this the Violet produces another sort of flower. These are small flowers that will never open, they are self fertile. They appear as the plant matures and they are actually responsible for most of the seed production.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)The plant seems to go to a lot of trouble to try and cross pollinate when it doesn’t really have to but it is thought that even a small amount of cross pollination benefits the gene pool.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Early Dog Violet has a long stem bearing a single flower.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)The leaves are heart shaped with finely scalloped edges.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana) Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)   Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)   Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana) It grows in shady woodlands, hedgerows and coppice. It is native to the UK, more common in the South and almost absent from Scotland.

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Taxonomy:

Kingdom: Plantae

Order: Malpighiales

Family: Violaceae

Genus: Viola

Species: Viola reichenbachiana

Early Dog Violet (Viola reichenbachiana)Wildflowers in winter.

I am sorry that there wasn’t more to this post today but it was just a very dull day at the office. Tomorrow we are going to resume our Big Game Hunting and maybe film a Troll 🙂

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53 thoughts on “Little Bo Peep”

  1. Fizz isn’t retired sniffer dog then? Are dogs like birds? For example Curlews and Godwits “hunt” by touch, poking their bill deep into the mud, whereas Plover tend to look stupid, but are actually diligently searching by eye. All I know about dogs can be written on one short blog post.

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    1. Thank you Stephen 🙂 All of the other dogs that I have known watch where the ball is going and then close in on it by nose. Fizz tries but there is a lot of luck involved and it is a good idea for me to keep an eye on where the ball has gone. We lose a lot of balls.

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  2. Do you think Fizz’s nose is compromised because of her being short-nosed (brachycephalic)? She seems to take it in stride!
    I love your explanations of violets – you make it easy to see the differences. My lawn is covered with dog violets every May and I hold off mowing just so I can enjoy them.

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    1. Thank you Eliza 🙂 Yes exactly and we shouldn’t laugh at her, she does her best. Her vision is also pretty compromised with hair all over her face and only being a few inches tall doesn’t help. She has been bred as a Toy Dog or Companion animal and her main attribute is cuteness, it is not her fault that man messed about with the Wolf. As it happens she was the only applicant that I got when I advertised for a Nature Detective Dog and as I was the only one to apply for her post of Pirate we decided that we were stuck with each other. She is very intelligent. Who else would think of looking for a Sheep in a Mole hill? 🙂

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    1. Thanks Joy 🙂 If not the same then they are probably a close relative. There are a few Viola species given the name Johnny Jump Up in the US. This one tends to grow in woodland and likes a bit of shade.

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  3. Ah that old Joe Cocker song, “I’ll find the ball with a little help from my friends”. It strikes me as very reasonable to look down mole hills for sheep. Sheep are incredibly devious. I’m on Fizz’s side.

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  4. The ultra violets are doggedly flowerescent 😉
    Fizz as always is just effervescent. ❤
    Alas the sheep keep the pain in your neck ever present 😦
    But despite those bleating hearts your blog is resplendent. 🙂
    I'm really sorry but your posts bring out the verse in me.

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    1. Thank you Stephanie 🙂 The Sheep are going to be locked up for a bit. The farmer is going on holiday, I am in charge and the Sheep will live in the orchard. Fizz and I get a week off, next week and I like your verse 🙂

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  5. Seeing the beauty of these flowers has made it clear to me why Violet was such a popular name for girls at various periods in our histories. A lovely namesake indeed.

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    1. Thank You 🙂 Every time the Sheep get a treatment they get a different splash of paint. A red stripe on the head means this one was wormed in January, that sort of thing. So we have very colourful Sheep and nobody can remember why.

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